9 Java EE Frameworks for Enterprise Application Development

The Java EE (Enterprise Edition) frameworks are effective tools for building intricate and extensive corporate applications.

For developers, Java is already among the most well-liked and reliable programming languages. In recent years, Java has improved and added new capabilities that inspire Java programmers to create enterprise-level web applications, Windows programs, and third-party applications.

We don’t typically believe that Java is the only language that can be used to develop robust web apps. However, there are a number of excellent frameworks on the market that make it possible to develop online apps. The ROWA (Read Once Write Anywhere) approach for web development is supported by the Java Virtual Machine, which is a dependable and trustworthy platform.

Let’s look at the frameworks for creating sophisticated apps below.


The most popular and well-known framework is Spring, created by Pivotal. The Java programming language is used to control the inversion of the container.

Advanced tools, resources, and utilities are included into this framework. These tools are used by developers to build a wide variety of apps. The JVM-based spring framework is compatible with various programming languages like Kotlin and Groovy.

Programming routines like data processing, communications, and security are handled by the spring framework. You could be able to create the development’s business logic. Although the Spring framework has a highly complex setup compared to other frameworks, it offers several cutting-edge capabilities that enable it to produce viable corporate edition applications.


  • Backward compatibility and ease of testing
  • A vast variety of packages and classes are supported
  • Effective community and eco-system services
  • Helpful documentation to accelerate framework learning
  • Allows for the management of flexible code bases like Plain Old Java Objects (POJOs)


Another really well-liked Java Framework is Hibernate. It is also known as the Java ORM framework and is frequently used to build database structures. HQL, Hibernate’s query language for database administration

This framework enables seamless database and Java-based web application interaction. It is offered for free, similar to open-source software, but under the GNU general public license 2.1.


  • Offers a reliable and secure application foundation
  • HQL combined with instructions from independent databases
  • In order to improve applications, it provides collections like Set, Map, and List.
  • Multiple databases may easily be updated with new data.


A free, open-source MVC framework called Apache Struts is used to create sophisticated and eye-catching Java applications. MVC, or Model View Controller, is a framework used to create interactive Java web applications.

The Struts framework is created by the Apache Software Foundation; it features a safe plug-in architecture and allows for extension by adding JAR files to the classpath of Java online applications. Struts may be integrated with a variety of Java frameworks, including JSF, JUnit, Spring, and others. The framework integrates with a variety of plugins.


  • It effectively integrates with SOAP, AJAX, and REST APIs.
  • The use of plugins to integrate with different frameworks
  • Use straightforward POJO operations to create web apps.
  • Sup ports several template and theme types
  • A tried-and-true foundation

Google Web Toolkit (GWT)

Google Web Toolkit, often known as GWT, is one of the most well-liked web frameworks. It is mostly used to create client Java code and extend it to become JavaScript. It’s entirely open-source. GWT is used to create the well-known Google apps including Adsense, Adwords, Google Wallet, and Blogger.

This framework helps programmers create and test Ajax applications in Java. It is also encouraged to create sophisticated online applications used in trade, finance, and other industries.


Play web framework is a stateless, reactive, lightweight, and user-friendly framework that makes it easy to create scalable online applications in Java and Scala.

Play is a Java virtual machine (JVM) application that was developed using the open-source Akka framework. This toolkit offers improved user-friendly interfaces, as well as design, test, and quickly writes in code formats for creating web applications. It is loaded with the necessary tools and functionality. The development process is now more productive thanks to this framework.

The Play framework adheres to the Reactive manifesto’s concepts. As a result, developing loosely linked web apps is permitted.


  • The output of developers is really high.
  • Strong configuration
  • Huge Ecosystem
  • There are no Java EE sessions, and all connections are stateless.
  • Attainable with Selenium, JUnit, and unit testing


Developers will be able to create apps making use of the Groovy language because Grails is a Groovy-based framework. It is also open-source.

The fundamental objective of the Groovy programming language is to increase developer efficiency and to make it possible to create apps using Oops principles. Additionally, time-saving elements from spring boot were used to make one of its sides.

It’s simple to learn Groovy. Furthermore, adding additional Java features and components is simple. It features a welcoming community and provides several plugin types (more than 900), which are controlled at the community level.


Vert.X has a wide range of functions. It is mostly developed for Java, while it does support many other languages. Additionally, you may utilize the Groovy, Ceylon, Ruby, or JavaScript programming languages atop the Vert.X framework. Remembering that it is a library and not a container is one of the key truths.


  • Event-driven execution time, Non-blocking
  • Concurrency and scaling that are simple to use
  • Polyglot

Apache Wicket

Due to the fact that Apache Software Foundation provides access to Wicket, it is sometimes known as « Apache Wicket. » The user interface is excellent, and the web foundation is lightweight. It is open-source and used to build Java-scripted server-side web applications.

The HTML language is user-friendly and enables the creation of straightforward HTML pages, reducing the complexity of development. To increase development productivity, this framework includes strong test applications.


  • Support for HTML and Java
  • Simple to develop and maintain your code
  • Test specific components of your code using debugging
  • Information and Assistance

JavaServer Faces

Without forcing developers to use a specific mark-up language, protocol, or client device, JavaServer Faces technology makes use of current, conventional UI and web-tier principles. Under JSR-314, it is being developed through the Java Community Process.

Because the client-specific presentation is not contained in the UI component classes that come with JavaServer Faces technology, JavaServer Faces UI components may be presented to a variety of client devices.


The most widely used and well-known programming language worldwide is Java. As we’ve already mentioned, there are a ton of Java frameworks that may be used to create different kinds of applications in appropriate settings.

The next question that pops into your head is which framework to choose among the ones listed above in order to construct web apps efficiently. Choose a structure that is simple to understand and build if you are a newbie and have no prior experience using web frameworks. After gaining experience, you should select others based on your needs.

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